English 11--The Crucible Name: _____________________________
"Witch Hunt" by Lynne Olson
1. What village and state did the "Witch Hunt" take place?
2. In what year did the "Witch Hunt" start?
3. Mary Easty begged the authorities to stop the executions. What was her reasoning?
4. How many people were hanged =
were crushed to death =
were held in prison =
died in prison =
5. Throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, religious and civil leaders in (Europe) Germany, France, Switzerland, and Scotland mounted massive witch-hunts. What punishment was ordered?
6. Prior to 1962, how were most people in the New England colonies who were accused of witchcraft treated?
7. In 1692, the Salem Village was "strife-ridden" (had lots of problems). List 8 "problems" facing the colony.
8. Cotton Mather, a Puritan clergy, had a simple explanation for the calamities listed in question #7. What was Cotton Mather's explanation?
9. Explain what happened to the group of teenaged girls in the winter of 1691.
9a. Why was there little room for diversity and tolerance among the colony's judicial officers?
10. Corwin and Hathorne acted more like_____________________ than judges.
11. Corwin and Hathorne followed________________________________ rather than the guidelines for capital crimes.
12. Explain two types of evidence that was accepted but today would be regarded as questionable.
13. Who were the first two women named as witches? Why were they accused?
14. How did the lack of a "charter" (a written instrument giving a right or privilege; constitution) effect the situation?
15. According to the author, why was Martha Corey named as a witch?
16. According to religion and law, why were women more easily tempted by the devil?
17. Who did the Court of Oyer & Terminer decide to execute?
18. What happened when Rebecca Nurse was found "not guilty"?
19. How did this frenzy and panic spread to other neighboring communities?
20. Explain what happened to Giles Corey. Why?
21. What events may have started people to doubt all the witchcraft accusations?
22. The new Special Superior Court of Judicature agreed to disregard any________________________________.
23. Why were many people kept in prison even after the governor discharged them?
24. Give examples of what Salemites did to "atone" (make amends for sin or error) for the wrongs of the trials.
25. List others whom the author gives as targets of "witch-hunting" in American history.